This week, complete the iHuman case titled “Dianne Steinberg VE”.
After completing your iHuman Case Study, answer the following questions:
I’ve completed the exercise already, I’ve listed the info you need to answer the questions.
What is your list of appropriate differential diagnoses and why?
( the answer is based on clinical signs/symptoms of each disease, mention a few of them in each one to justify why)
These are the differential diagnosis:
What is the final diagnosis and what assessment findings serve to support this?
Final diagnosis: Community-acquire pneumonia
Assessment findings🙁 general overview of signs and symptoms of community-acquired pneumonia)
What are the specific auscultation, palpation, and percussion findings of the lungs that are normal vs. abnormal?
Expert Solution Preview
The iHuman case titled “Dianne Steinberg VE” presents a patient with various signs and symptoms that require a differential diagnosis. In this case, we will discuss the appropriate differential diagnoses, the final diagnosis, and the assessment findings that support it. Additionally, we will explore the specific auscultation, palpation, and percussion findings of the lungs that indicate normal versus abnormal conditions.
1. What is your list of appropriate differential diagnoses and why?
The appropriate differential diagnoses for this case include:
a)Influenza: Influenza presents with symptoms such as fever, cough, sore throat, fatigue, muscle aches, and headache, which can be observed in the patient. These symptoms are commonly associated with influenza infection.
b)Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP): CAP is characterized by symptoms such as cough productive of sputum, chest pain, shortness of breath, fever, and fatigue. These symptoms align with the signs presented by the patient in the iHuman case.
c) Tuberculosis (TB): TB may be considered as a potential diagnosis due to symptoms such as cough, sputum production, fatigue, fever, weight loss, and night sweats. The patient’s symptoms show similarities to those associated with TB.
d) Emphysema: Emphysema is characterized by shortness of breath, cough with sputum production, wheezing, and chest tightness. These findings should be considered as part of the differential diagnosis.
e) Asthma: Asthma may be included as a potential diagnosis due to symptoms such as recurrent wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, and chest tightness. These symptoms align with the patient’s presentation.
2. What is the final diagnosis and what assessment findings serve to support this?
The final diagnosis for this case is Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). The assessment findings that support this diagnosis include:
– Presence of cough productive of sputum: This is a typical symptom of CAP.
– Presence of chest pain: Chest pain is a common finding in patients with CAP.
– Shortness of breath: CAP can lead to respiratory distress and shortness of breath.
– Fever: Elevations in body temperature are commonly observed in patients with CAP.
– Fatigue: Fatigue and weakness are frequently reported symptoms in CAP patients.
3. What are the specific auscultation, palpation, and percussion findings of the lungs that are normal vs. abnormal?
Specific auscultation, palpation, and percussion findings are used to differentiate normal versus abnormal lung conditions.
Normal findings include:
– Clear and equal breath sounds on both sides of the chest during auscultation.
– Normal tactile fremitus upon palpation.
– Resonant sound upon percussion.
Abnormal findings indicating pneumonia may include:
– Decreased breath sounds or crackles upon auscultation, indicating the presence of lung consolidation.
– Increased tactile fremitus upon palpation, suggesting lung consolidation.
– Dullness upon percussion over the area of consolidation, indicating a localized abnormality in lung density.
It is important to note that the specific findings may vary depending on the severity and location of the pneumonia.
In conclusion, the appropriate differential diagnoses for this case include influenza, community-acquired pneumonia, tuberculosis, emphysema, and asthma. The final diagnosis is community-acquired pneumonia, which is supported by assessment findings such as cough productive of sputum, chest pain, shortness of breath, fever, and fatigue. Normal lung findings include clear breath sounds, normal tactile fremitus, and resonant percussion sounds, while abnormal findings in pneumonia include decreased breath sounds or crackles, increased tactile fremitus, and dullness upon percussion.